Background: Ernest Hemingway is a famous author in American Literature. He has created many novels, poems, fictions and short stories. The Sun Also Rises is one of the great creations. It is written in 1926. Biographer of Hemingway Jeffrey Meyers writes that it is "recognized as Hemingway's greatest work" and Hemingway scholar Linda Wagner-Martin calls it his most important novel. The novel was published in the United States in October 1926 by the publishing house Scribner's. A year later, the London publishing house Jonathan Cape published the novel with the title of Fiesta.
Somebody think that, Hemingway intended to write a non-fiction book about bullfighting but thought that the week's experiences had presented him with enough material for a novel. So he began writing the novel on his birthday in 1925, and finished the draft manuscript barely two months later. The source of the novel was Hemingway's 1925 trip to Spain. The setting was unique and memorable.
The novel is a love story between the protagonist Jake Barnes—a man whose war wound has made him impotent—and the promiscuous divorcée Lady Brett Ashley. The characters of this novel are based on real people and the action is based on real events. In the novel, Hemingway presents his concept that the "Lost Generation", degenerate and permanently damaged by World War I . Furthermore, he investigates the themes of love, death, renewal in nature, and the nature of masculinity.
Plot Summary: Jake Barnes is the protagonist of The Sun Also Rises. He is also an expatriate American journalist living in Paris. Jake suffered a war wound that has caused him to be impotent. He is in love with Lady Brett Ashley. Brett embodies the new sexual freedom of the 1920s, having had numerous love affairs. In the opening scenes, Jake plays tennis with his college friend Robert Cohn, picks up a prostitute (Georgette), and runs into Brett and Count Mippipopolous in a nightclub.
Cohn had an affair with Brett a year earlier and still feels possessive of her despite her engagement to Mike. Jake and Bill enjoy five days of tranquility, fishing the streams near Burguete, after which they rejoin the group in Pamplona, where they begin to drink heavily. During the fiesta the characters drink, eat, watch the running of the bulls, attend bullfights, and bicker with each other. Jake introduces Brett to Romero at Montoya's inn; she is smitten with the 19-year-old matador and seduces him. The jealous tension between the men builds; Mike, Jake, Cohn, and Romero each love Brett. Cohn, who had been a champion boxer in college, has fistfights with Jake, Mike, and Romero, whom he injures. At last Bill returns to Paris, Mike stays in Bayonne, and Jake goes to San Sebastián in northeastern Spain. Lady Brett Ashley announces she has decided to go back to Mike.