Discuss about Definition of Poetry and Process of Poetic Creation.
Definition of Poetry: William Wordsworth has given the definition of poetry, “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility (soundless atmosphere)”. Without any trying it comes from powerful feelings.
Process of Poetic Creation: The process of poetic creation occurs through four stages:
a. Observation: At first the poet observes certain objects of nature, and this observation arouses certain emotions in him. But he does not express them at that moment.
b. Recollection: The poet retails (keep/catch) the feelings in his mind and he recollects them later in the moments of tranquility (peaceful atmosphere).
c. Contemplation: He contemplates (meditates) the emotions recollected in tranquility.
d. Imaginative Excitement: As a result of contemplation (meditation), there is again emotional excitement in his mind. The earlier emotions are revived but in new forms. They are now purged (refined/purified) of what was accidental coarse and disgusting.
In this process a particular emotion is universalized. This gives joy to the poet that he conveys to his readers and metre helps him in this respect. In addition it makes the ordinary language of real life look unusual.